Top 10 Engineering Wonders of The Modern World
The Bailong Elevator is the highest and heaviest outdoor elevator in the world. The Bailong Elevator is a glass elevator built onto the side of a huge cliff in the Wulingyuan area of Zhangjiajie, China that is 1,070 feet (330 m) high. Also known as "Hundred Dragons Elevator," the sight-seeing elevator, which takes two minutes to ride from the base to the top, can carry 50 people in one trip with a total of 18,000 people daily. Construction of the elevator began in October 1999 and was finished in 2002 for public use.
#9 Millau Viaduct
The Millau Viaduct is one of the most impressive engineering ventures in the world. Millau Viaduct is a cable-stayed road-bridge that spans the valley of the river Tarn near Millau in southern France. It is the tallest bridge in the world with one mast's summit at 343.0 metres (1,125 ft) above the base of the structure. It is the 12th highest bridge deck in the world, being 270 metres (890 ft) between the road deck and the ground below. It was completed on 14 December 2004. The bridge received the 2006 IABSE Outstanding Structure Award.
#8 Palm Islands
The Palm Islands are an artificial archipelago (islands) in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE), off the coast in the Persian Gulf.Through the use of sand dredging ships, the islands are formed by filling the seabed with sand. This process, known as rainbowing, includes spraying sand on top of the rising surface of the island. Each island will be in the shape of a palm tree with a crescent-shaped rock encircling the top of each island. The Palm Island project, which was commissioned by Sheikh Mohammed, will add 320 miles of beaches to the shrinking Dubai shoreline. The islands will be comprised of hundreds of luxury hotels, theme parks, high-end homes, health spas, shopping malls and sports facilities.
#7 Burj Al-Arab Hotel
Burj Al Arab is a luxury hotel located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. At 321 m (1,053 ft), An iconic image on the Dubai skyline, Burj al Arab is one of the tallest hotels in the world, only 400 feet shorter than the Empire State building. Burj Al Arab stands on an artificial island 280 m (920 ft) from Jumeirah beach and is connected to the mainland by a private curving bridge. The shape of the structure is designed to mimic the sail of a ship. Sometimes referred to as "the world's only 7-Star hotel", its star rating is disputed. Burj Al Arab was designed by architect Tom Wright of Atkins.
#6 Beijing National Stadium
World's largest steel structure, Beijing National Stadium also known as the Bird's Nest is a stadium in Beijing, China. This astonishing structure looks more like a public work of art than an Olympic stadium. Designed by the Swiss architects Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron for use throughout the 2008 Summer Olympics and Paralympics. The elaborate design incorporates Chinese symbols and mythology.This recent engineering wonder is one of the most energy-efficient and environmentally friendly stadiums in the world. During the winter, underground geothermal pipes heat the indoor part of the stadium. Underground cisterns collect and store rainwater for irrigation and for use in restrooms.
#5 USS George H.W. Bush (CVN-77)
USS George H.W. Bush (CVN-77) is the tenth and final Nimitz-class super-carrier of the United States Navy. She is named for the 41st President of the United States and former Director of Central Intelligence George H. W. Bush, who was a naval aviator during World War II. USS George H. W. Bush, its Construction began in 2001 at the Northrop Grumman Newport News shipyard and was completed in 2009 at a cost of $6.2 billion. She is home ported at Naval Station Norfolk, Virginia. USS George H. W. Bush stretches 1,092 feet and displaces over 100,000 tons, making her one of the world's largest warships (though she is slightly shorter than USS Enterprise) but equipped with latest technology which was not used before. Her top speed exceeds more than 30 knots and it is powered with two nuclear reactors, she can operate for more than 20 years without refueling.
#4 North European Gas Pipeline
Nord Stream or North European Gas Pipeline is an offshore natural gas pipeline from Vyborg in Russia to Greifswald in Germany. It is the longest sub-sea pipeline in the world, surpassing the Langeled pipeline. This project includes two parallel lines. The first line of the pipeline was laid by May 2011 and was inaugurated on 8 November 2011. The second line was laid in 2011-2012 and was inaugurated on 8 October 2012, at 1,222 kilometres (759 mi) length. The project, which was promoted by the government of Russia and agreed to by the government of Germany, was seen as controversial for various reasons, including increasing European energy dependence on Russia and potential environmental damage.
#3 Three Gorges Dam
The Three Gorges Dam is a hydroelectric dam that spans the Yangtze River by the town of Sandouping, located in China. The Three Gorges Dam is the world's largest power station in terms of installed capacity (22,500 MW). Not only does it produce electricity for the area, it also increases shipping capacity and provides flood storage space. Construction of the dam began in 1994, and the dam project was completed and fully functional as of July 4, 2012, it opened for commercial operation in 2008.
Comet PANSTARRS was discovered in June, 2011 and named after the telescope used for its discovery, Pan-STARRS (an acronym for Panoramic Survey Telescope and Rapid Response System), located near the summit of Haleakala in Maui, Hawaii. A key objective of Pan-STARRS is to identify and characterize Earth-approaching objects, both asteroids & comets that might create a danger to our planet. Pan-STARRS make it to see the Objects in the Inner Solar System and it is also capable to see the object outer the Solar System and now we can see Galaxy properties better than ever before.
This is an amazing sample of the Modern Engineering, this tunnel start from England and End in France. Interest thing is that this is in water. The length of this tunnel is 31 miles and 23 of which is in the sea. Groupe Eurotunnel S.A. manages and operates the Channel Tunnel between Britain and France including the vehicle shuttle services, and earns revenue on other trains through the tunnel. The company was formed on 13 August 1986 with the objective of financing, building and operating a tunnel between Great Britain and France.
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