Top 10 Tech and Science Breakthroughs of the 2000s
The first self-balancing, electric-powered transportation machine invented by Dean Kamen, known as the Segway Human Transporter was invented in 2000. The transporter adjusts to the body movement at a rate of 100 movements per second. An improvised model released in 2006 allowed users to adjust the speed and direction through computer assistance too. The first model did not consist of any brakes and traveled at a speed of 12 miles per hour, and the speed and direction could be controlled by manual mechanisms.
In the year 2001, another remarkable invention of this year was the bio-artificial liver along with the famous iPod invented by Apple Inc. Dr. Kenneth Matsumura and Alin Foundation invented the artificial liver by designing a device that utilizes animal liver cells. The animal cells are trapped behind a membrane (thin parting inside) in the bio-artificial liver. While the cells can perform all the common functions of the liver such as filtering the blood, and eliminating toxins, the cells do not merge with human blood causing no reactions or harm to the person.
Using leather Golf gloves, Ryan Patterson, invented a device that can identify the wearer's hand movements and transmit them wirelessly to a hand-held monitor as words. The birth control patch, the Braille Glove, and the Nano-tex fabric were all scientific inventions of the year 2002. Although not very famous, the Braille Glove has enough importance in the world of impaired people. The birth control patch invented by Ortho McNeil Pharmaceuticals known as the Ortho Eva patch. The Nano-tex fabric goes through chemical treatment that gives them around a million tiny fibers which are one hundred thousand of an inch long.
The invention for the year 2003 was Toyota's Hybrid Car. Getting its popular share of publicity the Hybrid car is known for its self parking attributes. This happens with the help of a rear mounted camera, power steering and software called Intelligent Parking Assist, designed to direct the car into a parking space. The user does not even have to touch, talk or provide any input throughout the process.
Sono Prep and the Adidas 1 shoes were the two inventions that grabbed popular attention in the year 2004. The Adidas 1 shoes with built-in microprocessor think for themselves, deciding what kind of foot support the wearer needs. Sono Prep invented by Robert Langer, was an advancement in the field of biotechnology that can administer medications through sound waves rather than conventional methods such as injections. The skin returns to its original state in the following 24 hours. The device is said to direct low frequency ultrasonic waves to the skin for 15 seconds that opens up the lipids in the skin enabling transfer of liquids.
YouTube was the most popular and successful invention in the year 2005. The website invented by Jawed Karim, Steve Chen and Chad Hurley is currently one of the most famous websites in the world! The website which achieved the greatest consumer response is a video-hosting website that lets users share videos across the globe.
Year 2006 was slightly slow-paced in the field of scientific inventions. One of these products was the Loc8tor. Loc8tor attaches radio frequency emitting tags to all your small possessions that you forgetfully misplace the most. Although a lot of prototypes and beta-testers were released, only a few actual products were seen in the markets. The tag does its part and beeps to pinpoint the exact location too.
None other than Apple's famous iPhone was invented in the year 2007. iPhone as we know today has restructured the entire world of Mobile gadgets and was Apple's ace in the world of technology. When first released, the iPhone was a breakthrough in mobile technology boasting unprecedented sensor technology, a brand new operating system, which actually fits the operations of a computer inside the attractive body of a phone.
The scientific and medical miracle for the year 2008 was the personal retail DNA testing kit. Although the kit was not invented in the year 2007, it was released publicly to the common consumers. Through a saliva test the DNA kit can estimate your genetic links to more than 90 hereditary traits ranging from baldness to chronic diseases. Babak Parviz from the University of Washington invented contact lenses that use tiny LEDs powered by solar cells and use radio frequency receiver to display images, maps and other data over the wearer's visual field.
In the year 2009, The Sixth Sense developed by Pranav Mistry at the MIT media lab USA is a wearable gestural interface turning all actions into digital information capable of being processed in any technologically advanced device, such as a computer, mobile, etc. The camera identifies the hand gestures and movements of the user while the projector can use surfaces to display visual data and let them be used as computer interfaces. It has been the fundamental technology of digital effects in sci-fi movies for almost a whole decade. The device uses the video streaming from the camera and processes it with the software in synchronization with the visual tracking referencing sensors that the user wears at his fingertips.
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