Most Expensive Super Computers Ever
SuperMuc comes from Germany and costs around $111 million. SuperMUC is currently the 14th fastest supercomputer in the world. It was formerly the 10th fastest in 2013, but with the speed at which technology advances, it was soon surpassed. SuperMUC is operated by the Leibniz Supercomputing Centre (LRZ) at the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. It's housed near Munich. IBM created the system. SuperMUC is used by European researches in a number of fields, including medicine, astrophysics, quantum chromodynamics, computational fluid dynamics, life sciences, computational chemistry, genome analysis, and earth quake simulations.
#9 IBM Roadrunner
IBM Roadrunner is based in U.S.A and costs around $130 million. The Roadrunner was built by IBM for the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, USA. It became operational in 2008, and was designed for a peak performance of 1.7 petaFLOPS. On May 25, 2008, it achieved 1.026 PFLOPS, becoming the world's first TOP500 Linpack sustained 1.0 petaflops system. This computer is indeed a super computer and the speed with which it works is incredible.
According to the Supermicro Green500 list, in 2008, Roadrunner was the fourth-most energy-efficient supercomputer in the world. The supercomputer was decommissioned on March 31, 2013, and replaced with a smaller, more energy efficient supercomputer called Cielo. The purpose of Roadrunner was highly classified: to model the decay of the US nuclear arsenal.
#8 Vulcan BlueGene/Q
Another entry from U.S is as expensive as around $100 million. Vulcan is a 24-rack supercomputer system that was created by IBM for the DoE and is stationed at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in Livermore, California. It has a 5 PetaFLOPS peak, and is currently the ninth fastest supercomputer in the world, according to Top500.org.
Vulcan became usable in 2013, and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory for research in biology, plasma physics, climate science, molecular systems, solid and fluid engineering, and other complex subjects of study. It is also used in support of DoE and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) missions. Simply Amazing!!!
As fancy as it sounds, Trinity is Again a U.S based super computer that costs around $174 million. Despite what it is being used for, you might expect the Trinity supercomputer to be even more expensive. But with newer, stronger technology comes a paralleled reduction of costs associated with creating newer, more powerful supercomputers. The US government offered supercomputer manufacturers Cray a $174 million contract to build this Cray XC supercomputer, along with a Cray Sonexion storage system for the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA).
#6 Sequoia BlueGene/Q
U.S seems to be the mitochondria of super computers. Sequoia BlueGene/Q comes from U.S too and costs around $250 million. The petascale BlueGene/Q supercomputer Sequoia was developed by IBM, again for the NNSA, as part of the Advanced Simulation and Computing Program. It was deployed in June 2012 at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, where it immediately became the world's fastest supercomputer, according to TOP500.org. It currently sits in the number three spot, with a theoretical peak of 20 PFLOPS, or 20 trillion calculations per second.
#5 ASC Purple and BlueGene/L
And another U.S entrant that is worth $290 million. These two supercomputers came as a pack. The two computers were announced by the DoE in 2002 to be contracted out to IBM for $290 million. They were installed in 2005 in the Lawrence Livermore Lab, and were decommissioned in 2010. At the time, the ASC Purple was ranked 66th on the TOP500 supercomputers list. The BlueGene/L was an older generation and inferior model to the BlueGene/Q, which system currently has four different supercomputers on TOP500's top 10 list.
#4 Sierra and Summit
Another U.S super computer named Sierra and Summit costs around $325 million. Nvidia and IBM will soon help America to reclaim its top position in supercomputer speeds, tech breakthroughs, scientific research, and economic and national security. Built using IBM Power Servers and Nvidia Tesla GPU accelerators, the two supercomputers dubbed Sierra and Summit will be installed in 2017.
Sierra's purpose at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory will be to ensure safety and effectiveness of (you guessed it) the nation's nuclear program. Meanwhile, Summit will the Oak Ridge National Laboratory's aging Titan supercomputer, meant for scientific applications around the world.
And finally we have a new country. Tianhe-2 is a Chinese computer worth $390 million. As mentioned above, China's Tianhe-2 (translated to "Milky Way-2" in English) is the world's fastest current supercomputer. Tianhe-2 was developed by a team of 1,300 scientists and engineers, and it is located in National Supercomputer Center in Guangzhou. Since 2013 it has consecutively ranked #1 on TOP500's list of fastest supercomputers. Tianhe-2 was sponsored by the 863 High Technology Program, and was initiated by the Chinese government and the government of Guangzhou province.
#2 Earth Simulator
A Japanese super tech worth $500 million. The Earth Simulator (quite the ominous name) was developed by the Japanese government way back in 1997. The project cost 60 billion yen, or roughly $500 million in today's economy. It was developed as a highly parallel vector supercomputer system, used to run global climate models, and to evaluate the effects of global warming and problems in solid earth geophysics.
ES was the fastest supercomputer in the world from 2002 to 2004. As you can expect from the rapid growth of technology since then, it doesn't hold a candle to the speed of modern supercomputers, but it was big news in the early 21st century. A big breakthrough in the world of technology.
#1 Fujitsu K
And the most expensive super computer in the world comes from japan and costs a whooping $1.2 billion. Despite having the two most expensive supercomputers in the world, Japan's heralded technology has been lacking in the supercomputer department as of late. Still, the K computer, named for the Japanese word "kei," and meaning 10 quadrillion, is the fourth fastest supercomputer in the world, with a theoretical peak speed of 11 PFLOPS. The system cost 140 billion yen, or $1.2 billion to create.
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