If You're Ever Lost In The Wilderness, These Simple Tips Could Save Your Life
The wilderness is an enriching and exciting realm of our beautiful planet that our lives in the cities have alienated us from. Whether it is the social constructs of your culture to live as one with the nature or whether, as is more common with people like you and me, it is an experience outside of the methods of survival you are familiar with in the civilized world, methods of wilderness survival are important tools to learn. If you are a fan of nature, it is probably a good idea to learn a little bit about different survival techniques, especially in the department of food, which is the one singular cause of death when lost in the wild. It is always a good idea to learn a couple of tips and tricks when you're hanging out in the elements with wild animals.
Outdoor activities such as hiking, backpacking, horseback riding, fishing, and hunting all require basic wilderness survival skills, especially in handling emergency situations. The following are five traps that will serve you well in case you ever need food, or if you need to protect yourself from predators. These inventive contraptions aren't exactly traditional in their mechanism. However you can survive any wilderness situation with these critical tips. In a survival situation, traps can capture animals that provide us precious calories from meat and fat. Think of them as little hunters that you put out to do your work for you while you are off accomplishing other tasks. The next 5 traps are unique and extremely useful tools that will save your life!
#5 The Deadfall Trap
A "deadfall" trap is a quick and painless method of killing an animal for food. While the act of killing an animal may not appeal to you, it is sometimes essential, as part of the food chain, to survive by feeding on another. The deadfall trap is good for the reason that it is fast and a less painful method than others. "Deadfall" refers to a heavy rock or log that is tilted on an angle and held up with sections of branches (sticks), with one of them that serves as a trigger. When the animal moves the trigger which may have a bait on or near it, the rock or log falls, crushing the animal.
The deadfall is a popular and simple trap constructed from materials found in the bush (three sticks with notches cut into them,plus a heavy rock or other heavy object). Also popular, and easier to set, is the Paiute deadfall, consisting of three long sticks, plus a much shorter stick, along with a cord or fiber material taken from the bush to interconnect the much shorter stick (sometimes called catch stick or trigger stick) with one of the longer sticks, plus a rock or other heavy object.
#4 The Trigger Line Trap
This trap is from John and Gerri McPherson’s book 'Primitive Wilderness Living & Survival Skills' and is one of the more complicated traps that you can build. But with a little work, the explosive firing mechanism unleashes a lightning-quick action. This trap requires a two- to three-foot spring pole, a two-foot length of cord, a one-foot length cord piece, a small peg driven into the ground, a sharpened toggle, a support stick, a few inches of twine ,and some bait.
Find two small trees or shrubs just inches apart, then tie the end of your spring pole to both. Tie your two-foot cord to the free end of the spring pole and the sharpened toggle. Pull the toggle so that the spring pole bends about two or three feet. Drive your peg into the ground there, and flush it with the soil. Dig out a tiny bit around the peg so a slack loop of twine can be tied around its end. The sharpened toggle is baited and then it goes into the small twine loop around the peg in the ground. Place a weight over the trigger area. Tie your one-foot cord to the support stick and the longer cord, so that the main cord pulls the support stick out from under the system when the trigger is tripped.
#3 The Horizontal Stick Trap
This method is also called the "Rolling Snare." This snare uses a pair of wooden hooks to trigger a motion-activated spring pole snare trap. You’ll need a spring pole, a snare line with noose, a hook to drive into the ground, and a hook to tie to the snare line. This trap is ideal for trails and runs.Find a forked branch about one to two inches in diameter. Cut a point on the non-forked end and drive it into the ground near the edge of a small-game trail. Find a similar, smaller fork to tie to the snare line.
Engage the two hooks so that the free one will roll off the hook that is staked to the ground, If you do not do so, they will hook together which would prevent the trap from going off. Set your noose in the trail, propped up with twigs or tied in place with thread. No baiting is required. It is important to warn you to never handle the noose of a snare line with your bare hands or fingers after the trigger is set as this can prove injurious.
#2 The Bottle Fisher
With the Bottle Fisher or the Fish Bottle Trap, you are now ready to catch small fish for food, as bait or even as a pet. You could also use this trap to just observe the fish and when your ready, let them go. Try experimenting with different bait types inside the bottle fish trap. One thing you could do is use fishing wire instead of string. This will make it harder for fish to see. Another benefit is that once you've finished with the fish bottle trap, you can simply put it in the recycling bin.
Firstly you need to prepare your bottle by removing the label, cap and plastic collar. Once the bottle is ready you can proceed to cut off the top.
Now take the bottom of you bottle and using the tip of your scissors or screwdriver, make small holes on the dimples. This will allow water to freely flow through the fish trap bottle. Take the top of your fish trap and insert it into the body of the bottle.
Then using the same technique used to make the holes in the bottom, proceed to make holes through the walls at the top.You may want to mark where your holes will go while the trap is assembled and then dismantle it to make piercing the holes easier. These holes will allow us to put our string through and secure the top. Take your string and thread through the holes you made in the top of your fish trap. Tie two simple double knots either side. These knots are used to lock the door so to speak. So make sure these are secure, but also that you can undo them to retrieve your fish. If you can't undo them then simply cut the string. You are now ready to catch fish! Whether you use fishing wire or string, give yourself a long enough piece so that your anchor is far enough away from the entrance.
#1 The Delicate Trap
This snare or trap is also called the "Grave’s Bait Stick Snare." This bait-activated spring pole snare comes to us from a little-known and long out-of-print book called Bushcraft, by Richard Graves. The Grave’s bait stick snare is my go-to trap for most animals and occasions. To build this trap, you’ll need a spring pole, a forked stake to drive into the ground, a pencil-diameter toggle stick, a snare line with an attached trigger line, a bait stick, and some bait.
Tie the snare line to the end of your spring pole. Bend the pole down until the snare line touches the ground and mark the spot. Drive the forked stake into the ground at that spot. This keeps the snare line more or less stable, which is vital to setting the trap. Tie your pencil toggle to the end of the trigger line, which is attached to your snare line. Run the toggle under the fork on the stake in the ground, keeping the toggle parallel to the ground and at a right angle to the stake. Next, set your baited trigger stick out at the end of the toggle, which should set the entire trap. Now, set it off to test it. If it springs quickly, set up some twigs to support the noose, then reset the trigger.
During a long-term survival situation, one where you’re depending on the land to survive, one of the biggest challenges you’re going to face is finding and procuring food. In order to get enough calories, you’re going to have to find foods high in fat and protein; that means you’re going to need a way to hunt and trap game. While hunting can certainly be productive, it also uses up valuable calories, something that you simply can’t afford to lose during a survival situation.
For that reason, as well as increasing your chances of finding food, you need to know how to build a wide range of hunting traps. The best survival traps are usually very simple to make and can usually be made with natural materials if you know what you’re doing. That means to be effective; you need to practice these skills before you find yourself in a situation where your life depends on them. The following video sums up and introduces more ways to trap game for survival.
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