10 People With The Highest IQ Ever Recorded
Stephen William Hawking born on 8 January 1942 is an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, author and Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology within the University of Cambridge.He introduced to the world the concept of cosmology as explicated through the consolidation of quantum mechanics and theory of relativity. Because of his remarkable contributions to science, Hawking has been awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2009 - the highest that can be conferred to an American civilian.
His A Brief History of Time stayed on the British Sunday Times best-sellers list for a record-breaking 237 weeks. Hawking has a motor neuron disease related to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a condition that has progressed over the years. He is almost entirely paralysed and communicates through a speech generating device. He married twice and has three children.
#9 Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein \(14 March 1879-18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics).While best known for his mass-energy equivalence formula E = mc2 (which has been dubbed "the world's most famous equation"),he received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect".The latter was pivotal in establishing quantum theory.
#8 Judit Polgar
Judit Polgar born on 23 July 1976 is a Hungarian chess grandmaster.She is by far the strongest female chess player in history.In 1991, Polgar achieved the title of Grandmaster at the age of 15 years and 4 months, the youngest person to do so until then. Judit Polgar is currently (May 2013) ranked 52nd in the world FIDE ratings list with an Elo rating of 2696, the only woman on FIDE's Top 100 Players list, and has been ranked as high as eighth (in 2005).She lived a childhood filled with extensive chess training from her father. The fact that she defeated nine former and current world champions including Garry Kasparov, Boris Spassky, and Anatoly Karpov leaves us no room for doubt as to why she has been dubbed as the strongest woman chess player of all time.
#7 Leonardo Da Vinci
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (April 15, 1452-May 2,1519) was an Italian Renaissance polymath: painter, sculptor, architect, musician, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist, and writer.More than that, he is particularly famous for his masterpieces: Mona Lisa, the Last Supper, and the Vitruvian Man. A true visionary, he was centuries ahead of his time with his detailed concepts of the helicopter, calculator, tank and the double hull, apart from his outlined theories on solar power, hydrodynamics, and plate tectonics.
#6 Marilyn Vos Savant
Marilyn vos Savant born on August 11, 1946) is an American magazine columnist, author, lecturer, and playwright who rose to fame through her listing in the Guinness Book of World Records under "Highest IQ". Since 1986 she has written "Ask Marilyn", a Sunday column in Parade magazine in which she solves puzzles and answers questions from readers on a variety of subjects.
#5 Garry Kasparov
Garry Kimovich Kasparov born on 13 April 1963) is a Russian (formerly Soviet) chess grandmaster, a former World Chess Champion, writer and political activist, considered by many to be the greatest chess player of all time. Kasparov became the youngest ever undisputed World Chess Champion in 1985 at the age of 22 by defeating then-champion Anatoly Karpov.He held the official FIDE world title until 1993, when a dispute with FIDE led him to set up a rival organization, the Professional Chess Association. He continued to hold the "Classical" World Chess Championship until his defeat by Vladimir Kramnik in 2000. He was the first world champion to lose a match to a computer under standard time controls, when he lost to Deep Blue in 1997.
#4 Kim Ung Yong
Kim Ung yong born on March 7, 1963 is a Korean civil engineer and former child prodigy. Kim was listed in the Guinness Book of World Records under "Highest IQ"; the book gave the boy's score as about 210.While babies at 6 months old are just learning to crawl, he already showed remarkable potential when he started to speak and read in Korean and many foreign languages. At 4 years old, he took an IQ test normally given to 7-year old children and obtained a score of more than 200. At 14 years old, he showcased his genius by solving complex differential and integral calculus problems live on Japanese TV.
#3 Christopher Hirata
The phenomenal IQ (225) of this 31-year old Japanese-American astrophysicist brings him third in this list. At the age of 12,he already pursued college-level courses such as calculus and physics, around the time most of us were just in the 7th grade. At the age of 13, this whiz kid became the youngest American to have ever won the gold medal in the 1996 International Physics Olympiad. At 16, he was already working with NASA on its ambitious project to conquer Planet Mars. After he procured his Ph.D. at the Princeton University, he went back to California Institute of Technology, where he is currently teaching astrophysics.
#2 Terence Tao
Terence "Terry" Chi-Shen Tao FAA FRS born on 17 July 1975, Adelaide, is an Australian mathematician working in harmonic analysis, partial differential equations, additive combinatorics, ergodic Ramsey theory, random matrix theory, and analytic number theory. He currently holds the James and Carol Collins chair in mathematics at the University of California, Los Angeles. He was one of the recipients of the 2006 Fields Medal.At the age of 16, he graduated with both Master's and Bachelor's degrees at the Flinders University. Moreover, Tao bagged numerous awards, such as the Salem Prize in 2000 and the Clay Research Award in 2003, just to name a few.
#1 William James Sidis
William James Sidis born on April 1, 1898-July 17, 1944 was an American child prodigy with exceptional mathematical and linguistic abilities. During his life, his ratio IQ was estimated to be between 250 and 300, making it one of the highest ever recorded but the testing was different from standard IQ tests.He entered Harvard at age 11 and, as an adult, was claimed to be conversant in over forty languages and dialects. It was later acknowledged, however, that some of the claims made were exaggerations, with a researcher stating "I have been researching the veracity of primary sources of various subjects for about twenty-eight years, and never before have I found a topic so satiated with lies, myths, half-truths, exaggerations, and other forms of misinformation as is in the history behind William Sidis".Sidis became famous first for his precocity and later for his eccentricity and withdrawal from public life. Eventually, he avoided mathematics altogether, writing on other subjects under a number of pseudonyms.
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